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RFID Reports and Publications

 

Articles and Research Publications

UCLA-WINMEC WinRFID Middleware technology:   http://winmec.ucla.edu/winrfid
     
Radio Frequency Identification: Beyond the myths. A case for Health Care Academy of Management, Anaheim, California, August 8-13, 2008 S. Bureau, B.S. Prabhu and Rajit Gadh August 8-13, 2008
SpecimenTrak: an RFID system for tagging and tracking anatomical specimensThe 25th Annual Scientific Session of the American Association of Clinical Anatomists (AACA 2008), Toronto, July 15-18 2008 Prabhu Shiv, Charlie Qiu, Brandi Schmitt, Chi-Cheng Chu, Gadh, Rajit July 15-18, 2008
SpecimenTrak: a demonstration of the anatomical specimen tagging and tracking The 25th Annual Scientific Session of the American Association of Clinical Anatomists (AACA 2008), Toronto, July 15-18 2008 Prabhu Shiv, Charlie Qiu, Brandi Schmitt, Chi-Cheng Chu, Gadh, Rajit July 15-18, 2008
Service Organization and Discovery for Facilitating RFID Network Manageability and Usability via WinRFID Middleware WTS 2008, Cal Poly Pomona, Pomona, California, April 24-26, 2008 Xiaoyong Su, Chi-Cheng Chu, B.S. Prabhu, and Rajit Gadh April 24-26, 2008
Feasibility Study of Surface Acoustic Wave RFID for Information Processing Asset ManagementIEEE RFID, Las Vegas, April 16, 2008 Byung Youn Song, Arunabh Chattopadhyay, Peter Chu, B. S. Prabhu, Jae Yeol Lee, Rajit Gadh and Junghoon Lee April 16, 2008
On the Identification Device Management and Data Capture via WinRFID Edge-Server IEEE Systems Journal, 1(2), Dec 2007, 95-104. Xiaoyong Su, Chi-Cheng Chu, B.S. Prabhu, and Rajit Gadh Dec, 2007
Development and Testing of an RFID-based Cutting Tools Tracking Application 2nd HP RFID Symposium, Oct 18-19, 2007, San Paulo, Brazil. Laure VOGEL, B.S Prabhu, Rajit Gadh Oct 18-19, 2007
On the Utilization and Integration of RFID data into Enterprise Information Systems via WinRFID, DETC2007-34731 Computers in Engineering Conference, Sep 4-7, 2007, Las Vegas, NV. Xiaoyong Su, Chi-Cheng Chu, B.S. Prabhu, Rajit Gadh Sep 4-7, 2007
SpecimenTrak: an RFID system for tagging and tracking anatomical specimens 24th Annual Scientific Session of The American Association of Clinical Anatomists, Jun. 16-20, 2007, Las Vegas. Shiv Prabhu, Xiaoyong Su, Charlie Qiu, Chi-Cheng Chu, Brandi Schmitt, Rajit Gadh June 16-20, 2007
Study of High Frequency RFID Transponder Readability and Item-Level Tagging, Tech Report. Donald Lee June 11, 2007
SpecimenTrak: A Demonstration of the Anatomical Specimen Tagging and Tracking B.S. Prabhu, Xiaoyong Su, Brandi Schmitt, Chi-Cheng Chu, Rajit Gadh. May 2007
On the creation of Automatic Identification and Data Capture infrastructure via RFID and other technologies, The Internet of Things: from RFID to the Next-Generation Pervasive Networked Systems, Lu Yan, Yan Zhang, Laurence T. Yang, Huansheng Ning (eds.), Auerbach Publications, Taylor & Francis Group, 24 pp. Xiaoyong Su, Chi-Cheng Chu, B. S. Prabhu, Rajit Gadh Feb 2007
Radio Frequency Identification of Katrina Hurricane Victims IEEE Signal Processing March 2006
WinRFIDÆ¡ Middleware for the enablement of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) based Applications,?invited chapter in Mobile, Wireless and Sensor Networks: Technology, Applications and Future Directions, R. Shorey, C.M. Choon, O.W. Tsang, A. Ananda (eds.), John Wiley B. S. Prabhu, Xiaoyong Su, Harish Ramamurthy, Chi-Cheng Chu, Rajit Gadh. December 2005
"WinRFID – Middleware for Distributed RFID Infrastructure", International Workshop on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and Wireless Sensors, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India,
B.S. Prabhu, Xiaoyong Su, Charlie Qiu, Harish Ramamurthy, Peter Chu, Rajit Gadh. November 11-13, 2005
Scientists tackling devices to prevent DVD bootlegging LA Business Journal June 6, 2005
RFID moves beyond supply chain mandates Computerworld April 06, 2005
WinRFID – A Middleware for the enablement of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) based Applications Invited chapter in Mobile, Wireless and Sensor Networks : Technology, Applications and Future Directions, Rajeev Shorey, Chan Mun Choon, Ooi Wei Tsang, A. Ananda (eds.), John Wiley& Sons, Inc., 2006, pp. 331-336. B. S. Prabhu, Xiaoyong Su, Harish Ramamurthy, Chi-Cheng Chu, Rajit Gadh. 2005
RFID: Getting From Mandates to a Wireless Internet of Artifacts Computerworld October 04, 2004

"APPLICATIONS OF RFID TECHNOLOGY AND SMART PARTS IN MANUFACTURING," Proceedings of DETC04: ASME 2004 Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference September 28-October 2, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah USA

Zhekun Li, Rajit Gadh, and B. S. Prabh . September 28-October 2, 2004
The State of RFID: Heading Toward a Wireless Internet of Artifacts Computerworld August 11, 2004
   
 

Student Projects

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RFID in Airline Industry

Spring Quarter 2007

Jopu Zachariah




 

Study of High Frequency RFID Transponder Readability and Item-Level Tagging

Spring Quarter 2007

Donald Lee




 

RFID Use in a Cable-Based Robotic System For Position Feedback and Verification

Spring Quarter 2007

Brett L. Jordan




 

RFID in Healthcare

Spring Quarter 2007

Michael Feng




 

RFID & Alzheimer Disease

Spring Quarter 2007

Karim Salha




 

RFID in Electronic Payments

Spring Quarter 2007

Alec Quan




 

Effects of RFID Technology on Mobile Phone Recycling

Spring Quarter 2007

Benjamin Pagliuso




 

RFID in Blood Bank Management

Spring Quarter 2007

Scott Miyako




 

Item Level Tagging in Supply Chain

Spring Quarter 2007

Thanik Nithiphanthawong




 

RFID in Health Care

Spring Quarter 2007

Scott Lin




 

RFID in Automotive Industry

Spring Quarter 2007

Reuben Wong




 

RFID in Small Arms

Spring Quarter 2007

Eduardo Aktinol




 

Department of Defense Radio Frequency Identification in Supply Chain

Spring Quarter 2007

John Guevarra




 

RFID in Hospital

Spring Quarter 2006

Tong Zhang

 
Radio frequency identification (RFID) has been receiving a lot or attention in the healthcare industry lately because it addresses a series vexing problems of healthcare operations. RFID technology can help monitor/track movements of doctors, staff, patients, families, visitors, equipment, etc. It can also be deployed in pharmaceutical management. RFID can be used effectively in managing blood banks, blood testing, records/archival systems, etc. RFID technology in maternity wards can provide a very effective mother-infant security services. This paper has presented an overview of RFID in hospital applications. Some systems currently deployed and a few case studies provided in this paper.

UHF Class 0/Class 1 RFID Tag Performance

Spring Quarter 2006

Jeffrey Chen & Nathan Lee

 
RFID tags are increasingly being used in many of todayŠö applications. The performance of these tags is improving quickly and this report aims to quantify the readability of 5 Avery Dennison UHF passive tags using two different AWID readers. Tests were conducted in free space, on various surface materials, through both liquid and metals and in a high tag density environment. From the free space test data, the horizontally perpendicular orientation showed the best tag readability. The surface material test concluded that heavier materials such metals resulted in drop much degraded performance whereas light and more transparent materials such as the plastic water bottle fared better. Predictably, in the containment material test, water yielded higher readability than metals. No particular pattern as to how the tags were read was apparent in the tag density test. When randomly rearranging the initial setup, results were similar to the first setup arrangement. However, in the moving tests, results showed that tags initially approached the readerŠö path were typically read first. Lastly, using two readers simultaneously or having two tags face-to-face caused zero readability.

RFID Based Asset Monitoring Systemfor Automobile Recycling Yards

Spring Quarter 2006

Duy Le

 

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology can be incorporated into automobile recycling yards to dramatically increase organization in the yard and streamline inventory control in the parts storage warehouse. Currently no system exists that effectively inventories and keeps track of the vehicles contained in the yard itself. The recyclable parts in a salvage yard are only inventoried and tracked via barcodes in the parts warehouse once the part has been dismantled from the wrecked vehicle. By adding an infrastructure of RFID readers and tags into the actual salvage yard it is possible to track the precise location of each vehicle in the yard as well as information regarding the condition of the parts contained in that vehicle.

This application of RFID technology serves to improve the efficiency of the automobile recycling yard in multiple areas. The information storing capabilities and location tracking of RFID tags dramatically aid in pollution prevention processes, streamlined inventory control dismantling processes, obtaining real time inventory of pre-dismantled parts, inventory of smaller less valuable parts and lastly with the walk-in customer shopping experience.

There is a wide range of various types of RFID tags, antennas, readers, and middleware that are available for use. The RFID paraphernalia revolve around different RF technologies based on a range of frequencies used for communication. This paper will present the specific technologies behind RFIDs that can be utilized for the application stated above. Also, this paper will thoroughly analyze the potential benefits of using an RFID based inventory system. Lastly, this paper will report on the current standing of RFID usage in industries related to automobile recycling and give a brief evaluation of the feasibility of RFID systems being installed into salvage yards in the near future.

E-Pedigree via RFID

Fall Quarter 2005

Benjamin Tam

 
With each passing year, healthcare is becoming more expensive. The rising cost of pharmaceutical drugs is making basic healthcare unaffordable to many people in both developed and developing countries. With the ever increasing cost of drugs comes the possibility of counterfeit products. Counterfeit drugs have become such a threat to the public’s safety that various states have begun passing laws that would require pharmaceutical companies to track its drugs as it moves through the supply chain. In response, many companies have turned to view RFID technology as the “silver bullet” in combating pharmaceutical counterfeiting. This paper considers the extent of this ever increasing problem and illustrates how RFID technology can assist in providing greater visibility and security as products move through the pharmaceutical supply chain.

RF Radio Study

Fall Quarter 2005

Tadej Semenic

 
Abstract:
Several tests were conducted with three ultra-high frequency, generation two, class one (UHF C1 Gen2) tags: Impinj C1 Gen2 small size inlay, Impinj C1 Gen2 large size inlay, and Texas Instruments Gen2 Inlay using AWID MPR-2010AN (915MHz) reader and an integrated interrogator. Tags were tested in free air, in vicinity of water and metal, on actual products (4-Pack Red Bull, 10-gal water container, a cartridge box, a personal computer), furthermore, more
than one tag of the same kind were tested (density tests), moving tags, and last, tags were read with two readers simultaneously. Results show that all tags can reliable be read up to 4ft distance from the reader when present in radio wave non-absorbing and non-scattering ambient and that some of the tags can be read as far as 8ft. Water and metal affect the readability. Density tests indicate the importance of minimum spacing between the tags and also where to attach tags on actual product depending on read distance. The readability of tags was affected when two readers were facing each other and was as good as with a single reader when the readers were in parallel. In most of the tests Texas Instruments Gen2 Inlay over performed the Impinj tags.

RFID and Alzheimer's Disease

Fall Quarter 2005

Michelle A. Styczynski

 

Abstract:
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive, degenerative disorder that affects the brain. It damages the brain cells responsible for intellectual functioning in the brain, including memory, intelligence, judgment and speech. Alzheimer’s leads to the loss of many mental and physical functions. RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) is a system that incorporates the usage of RF (Radio Frequency) waves and antennas to identify objects or people. RFID incorporates the usage of tags and readers. The tags can be affixed to almost anything while the readers can be stationary or portable. Usage of RFID can already be seen in retail and in the tracking of animals. By using RFID in new and innovative ways, it is possible to create a better solution to home healthcare for Alzheimer’s disease patients.

RFID and Parking

Fall Quarter 2005

Ryuta Hayashi

 

Abstract:
RFID has a potential to renovate the parking industry through applications such as parking search, reservations and e-Payment. These applications are expected to be technically feasible, while further assessments, including field tests, are necessary. From a business perspective, however, there are several challenges for these applications to overcome. Such challenges include necessary platform infrastructures, customer adoptions and profitability. From assessing the challenges, implementing only the e-Payment system is considered the appropriate strategy for the US. Given the high
penetration rate of GPS car navigation systems and Internet mobile phones, and the higher profit margin than in the US, offering a comprehensive service including parking search, reservations and e-Payment can be regarded as realistic in urban areas in Japan. Another potential RFID has is in ETC. Where ETC is widely adopted, the government and states can take initiatives to apply this technology to parking management services. If the traffic congestion becomes a more serious social issue in the future, the value of the applications enabled by RFID will be more significant for municipalities. In such a case, it can be anticipated that municipal parking operators will lead the market adoption as early adopters.

RFID Implementation at Theme Park

Fall Quarter 2005

Kelson Kwong

 
Abstract:
Theme parks always must be on the cutting edge of entertainment, and in effect, technology. An
emerging technology is radio frequency identification (RFID) that is a new form of tracking assets. Thus it
is necessary to determine:
a) What types of RFID technologies would fit into a theme park environment?
b) What are the current (comparable) uses of RFID in environments?
c) Why would a theme park wish to use RFID?
d) How and where could RFID be used in theme parks?
This paper addresses each of these questions, and is a starting point for those wishing to investigate RFID
use in theme parks. Also, this paper presents information for tracking people in an open environment.

RFID Security - Privacy

Fall Quarter 2005

Jeremi Sudol

 
Abstract:
RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology is increasingly entering many domains on the
grounds of improving efficiency and security. This paper aims to survey the issues associated
with RFID security, current state of security techniques, their advantages and weaknesses, as
well as potential implications with respect to privacy.
         

Configuration Factors and Evironment Factors in RFID Application

August 12, 2005

Ahjin Oh

 
Abstract:
UHF RFID systems is strongly dependent on the environment in which the communi cation between the reader and the tag occurs. The tests were aimed at figuring out maximum read range of tags and how tag’s orientation affect to read range. Also, how UHF radio wave are affected by packaging material by measuring radiowave around object. To apply to real world, I also tested which pallet configuration works well. The test was intended to detect anti-collision issue. To improve this, I studied about UHF interference and previous research about anti-collision. I used EPC-1 and ISO B tags and packaging material such as packaging box and plastic box. Using the results, optimized distance, tag’s orientation and configuration of boxes for ultimate performance can be reocommanded initially.

Barcode Implementation

August 12, 2005

Cindy (Ki Jung Yoo)

Abstract:
- Implement barcodes include Code128, Code93, UPC-E, Code25 Industrial, Code25 Interleaved, Code25 Matrix, MSI, Postnet, Codabar, (Optional) PDF 417.
- Create a labeling system
- Study on Co-Existing issues of RFID and Barcode

If you are interested in getting a copy of the program developed in this project, please contact info@winmec.ucla.edu

 

RFID Security and Privacy Study

August 12, 2005
Um , Young Man
 

Abstract:
RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology is increasingly entering many domains on the
grounds of improving efficiency and security. This paper aims to survey the issues associated
with RFID security, current state of security techniques, their advantages and weaknesses, as
well as potential implications with respect to privacy.

         

Sensor data acquisition routines for AVR based embedded processors

August 12, 2005

Shin Hyun Sup

Abstract:
This project is to implement the program on the AVR128 that transmits GPS information from PG31 (GPS Machine) to Computer.What is done in this project are Understanding about NMEA-0183 Protocol, Studying embedded programming for AVR. Through understanding about NMEA-0183 Protocol, I could understand how I can translate the information from GPS Machine. And through studying embedded programming for AVR, I could get the method how I can implement some programs on the AVR.

If you are interested in getting a copy of the program developed in this project, please contact info@winmec.ucla.edu

         

RFID UDDI Service discovery

August 12, 2005

Park, Yun Jung

Abstract:
My project is developing web based UDDI Registry to discover RFID UDDI Service.
What are needed to solve problems is private UDDI Registry, web based user interface to manage UDDI Registry and WinRFID services for extension of registry (database service, remoting service, MSMQ service.)
What I have done is create a UDDI v2 server which manage all web services or business, create a web based user interface for finding and publishing web service and it is based on IBM UDDI Registry. Also security is concerned for user to use session. But this web application has some problems. Access to UDDI Registry is too slow and connection is not so stable.
What is left to complete project is connect to private UDDI Registry. I tried to use private UDDI Registry for over 1 week. I found several private UDDI Registries and tried to install. At the end I succeeded to install, but failed to connect this application to private UDDI. I tried to get an authentication from UDDI Registry, but connect to both MS Windows 2003 UDDI Registry and Sun Service Registry 3.0ea are failed. But If connect to private UDDI Registry succeed, current problems doesn’t be matter. Also add administration interface and features for RFID are needed.

If you are interested in getting a copy of the program developed in this project, please contact info@winmec.ucla.edu

         

RFID Supply Chain Simulation Project

August 12, 2005

Michael ( SooHoon Park), Joey (ByungHoon Lee)

Abstract:
This project is to find appropriated location of RFID reader using active RFID Tags.

Problems to solve
- Defining detecting length of each tags measured by setting range from 1 to 8
- Constructing the algorithm of positioning
- Finding the factors which affect accuracy of positioning
- Improvements

Done in this project
- Detecting ranges of tags are defined.
- Appropriated algorithm of position calculating is constructed.
- Some of the factors which affect accuracy of positioning are found.

If you are interested in getting a copy of the program developed in this project, please contact info@winmec.ucla.edu

         

Active RFID for in-building positioning

August 12, 2005

Seok won, Jung

Abstract:
This project is to find appropriated location of RFID reader using active RFID Tags.

Problems to solve
- Defining detecting length of each tags measured by setting range from 1 to 8
- Constructing the algorithm of positioning
- Finding the factors which affect accuracy of positioning
- Improvements

Done in this project
- Detecting ranges of tags are defined.
- Appropriated algorithm of position calculating is constructed.
- Some of the factors which affect accuracy of positioning are found.

         

Middleware data usability and availability

August 12, 2005

Nam , Joo Hyung

Abstract:
1. Study BizTalk data exchange formats.
2. Implement data exchange interfaces which connection WinRFID and BizTalk flawlessly.
- Define rules for data transform
- Create application to consume WinRFID data transfer to BizTalk
- XML Schema for data explanation
- Pass data from WinRFID to BizTalk then to MySAP (Adapter)

What have done in my project are studied BizTalk data exchange formats and made a simple rule.
By studying XML Schema, I can understand BizTalk project schema.
But I couldn’t implement data exchange interfaces.

         
Comprehensive Reader and Tag Test (AWID) Fall Quarter of 2004 Seung Ryong Han, Jim Shaughnessy
This paper is a report on the testing of parameters of the AWID reader. The reader is AWID's MPR-2010BN 915 Mhz intergrated interrogator. The reader was tested with different tags at different distances. Additional tests were performed considering other factors such as water, metal, distortion, radio interference, and packaging box material.
Study of RFID JTC 1/SC 31 and TC 104/SC 4 Fall Quarter of 2004 Chak Wo Wu
ISO/IEC 15961, ISO/IEC 1562, ISO 18185 are studied. The data protocol, application requirement, syntax and data structure are examined and explained.
Tag performance with Samsys 9320 Fall Quarter of 2004 Anish, Shah, Hiral Patel
This paper is a record of tests performed with a Samsys 9320 reader on tags such as EPC-1, Inteli-tag, and ISO 6B tags. "The tags were found to be highly dependent on environmental conditions and orientation." Recommendations are made on optimized orientation of the tags to improve performance and and reliability.
A study of RFID in baggage tracking Fall Quarter 2004 Eric Tse

RFID possibilites are examined in this paper. Airport baggage routing and management is considered by examining several application cases.
A study of department of defense's RFID mandates Fall Quarter 2004 Michael Anderson

"Suppliers to the defense department and military have little more than a year to begin using RFID tags on all crates and products being delivered. Virtually all products going to the military muast have some sort of identification not only for safety concerns, but to efficiently track and arrange all deliveries. In the following pages these requirements will be laid out and the significance specified. The technologies being considered as well as the resulting implications will also be discussed. "
A study of High Frequency and Ultra High Frequency RFID technologies Fall Quarter 2004 Chak Wo Wu

This is a study on the maturing of the HF and UHF reader and tag technology. The similarities between the two protocols and the current issues and problems are discussed. HF and UHF is also compared to the current bar code ID system. RFID is the next step in ID technology, but at the current state, it will take many years before the bar code will be completely replaced.
A study of RFIDs based management of a manufacturing line. Fall Quarter 2004 Bin Huang

"In this paper, an in-process trackgn system is proposed to track the status of semi-finished products and coordinate the manufacturing forces. Since its reliability and flexibility, RFID technique has shown big advantages than the conventional Bar-code sytesm, especially to automate of floor shop management. Based on this availability, RFID solutions are ideal for manufacturers who build several products on a single production line, or manufacture complex or customized products. This report propose a novel form of RFID based manufacturing line with distributed stations"
A study of RFID used in Security Systems Fall Quarter 2004 Advait Dixit

RFID technology is specifically studied here in terms of security. Typical RFID systems are considered , such as RFID enabled banknotes, and chipless ID. Concerns and issues about the use of RFID and privacy problems are also addressed in this paper.
A study of RFID in the supply chain, a case study of a particular company Fall Quarter 2004 Jim Shaughnessy

This is a case study on Pentel Corporation who serves and supplies retailers that have mandated RFID - compliant pallets and cartons. The study lays out Pentel's plans to integrate RFID into their production and supply lines. Study lists current status as wells as some of the future plans of Pentel Corporation.
A study of RFID used to track fresh food Fall Quarter 2004 Justin Neben
"This paper will examine various ways RFid has been utilized throughout the fresh food environment from livestock or meat industry, freshfruist and vegetables, examples of companies using this technology, and the use of RFID with temperature sensors to calculate dynamic expiration dates. The livestock industry will ... be examined. "
A study of High Frequency and Ultra High Frequency RFID Technologies Fall Quarter 2004 George K. Yu
"In this article, I have introduced the architecture of both tags and readers, classifications of RFID and application, advantages and how RFID tag and reader communicate to each other including the protocols they used. It is just recently, multi protocol readers have emerging. It is very certain that RFID technology will become the main stream in supply chain product identification, monitoring. The revolutionary RFID technology is going to boost the productivity in the industry."
A study of RFID in sensor networks Fall Quarter 2004 Vineet Agarwal
This paper explores the possibilities generated by combining the recent RFID technology with existing sensor networks.
A study of RFID in Asset Tracking Fall Quarter 2004 Anish Shah
This paper looks at asset tracking and emphasizes the need of accurate tracking systems. The importance of asset tracking leads to a look at RFID as a solution. Each part of the RFID system is analyzed. Then different areas are considered and RFID sytems tailored for the industry are suggested, with benefits listed.
A study of RFID in Healthcare Fall Quarter 2004 Seung Ryong Han
This paper looks at RFID in various healthcare applications. RFID in teeth, lens, hospital workflow, pharmaceuticals, and the tracking of medical waste is considered. Several studies concerning workflow solutions are examined.
A study of Department of Defense's RFID Mandates Fall Quarter 2004 Gigio Sakota

"..It seems clea that this technology is producing tangible benefits in managing the DOD's complex supply chain. Time is often of essence in military operations, and the real-teim tracking capabilities achieved not only can help control costs, but also increases the military's overall combat readiness and preparedness. "

"Ultimately the DOD mandates are achieving a few important goals. They are further fueling the development of the RFID technology, while providing clear guidance to their suppliers and vendors with respect to the RFID requirement, all of this while achieving tangible benefits for the military's complex supply chain."